Diagnoses

Find out more about various diagnoses at Ryggmärgsskada.se

Spinal Cord Injury RMS

A spinal cord injury is an injury to the spinal cord, usually caused by severe external force (trauma) to the neck or back. These injuries are called acquired traumatic spinal cord injuries. The injury means that the nerve connections between the brain and the rest of body have been completely or partially damaged. The somatic motor nervous system ceases to function properly and a person's ability to feel sensations disappears.

Damage to the spinal cord can also occur for other reasons such as infections, tumors or bleeding. These injuries are called non-traumatic. You can also be born with a spinal cord injury, a so-called myelomeningocele or spina bifida.

With a spinal cord injury, there is interference in the signals that travel to and from the brain, which leads to some degree of paralysis. The extent of the paralysis depends on where the injury is located and how much of the spinal cord is damaged. In a complete spinal cord injury, the spinal cord is completely damaged. If the spinal cord is partially damaged, it results in an incomplete spinal cord injury 

Other terms used when talking about a spinal cord injury are tetraplegia (tetra) and paraplegia (para). 

Tetraplegia means having a spinal cord injury that affects your arms and legs. If you have an injury to the upper three cervical vertebrae, you can not breathe yourself and need breathing help from a ventilator. Depending on where the neck back is, there are varying extents of paralysis in the arms. If you have an injury to the lower cervical vertebrae, you have varying muscle strength left in the arms and some people manage themselves without help. How much you can handle yourself also depends on whether the damage is complete or incomplete.

Someone who is paraplegic has an injury that affects their legs and will have full function in their arms. The extent to which the torso is affected depends on the location of the injury. Often a person with paraplegia has good balance in large parts of their torso. A person with paraplegia has every opportunity to  manage everyday life on their own.

On ryggmärgsskada.se you will find much more information about spinal cord injuries. There you can also read about rehabilitation, health, lifestyle as well as get inspiration. There is also a lot of information for relatives.

 

Polio and postpolio

Polio is a viral disease that can cause paralysis. Polio is also called poliomyelitis or infantile paralysis. Anyone who has had polio as a child may experience problems again, many years later. This is called post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome develops no earlier than 15 years after an acute polio infection with paralysis. Post-polio syndrome is characterized by new muscle weakness, muscle fatigue, pain at rest and during exertion and general fatigue. Mobility impairment in the form of difficulties walking and moving as well as difficulties breathing.

In Sweden, all children are vaccinated against polio and therefore the disease has not existed in Sweden for many years. But polio is still found in some countries in Asia and Africa. 

If you have had polio and are experiencing a recurrence of problems, you can turn to postpoliomottagningen (the post-polio clinic) in your region. They will carry out a thorough investigation, as well as provide counselling and treatment. They also offer different types of support for you and your immediate family. The purpose is to create the best possible circumstances for you to cope with your situation. 

At 1177 Vårdguiden, Personskadeförbundet RTP (Person injury association RTP)and at Folkhälsomyndigheten (The Public Health Agency of Sweden) you can read more about polio, symptoms and complications, diagnostics tests and treatment, preventive measures and more. 

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

, is a disease of the central nervous system, i.e. the brain and spinal cord. If you have MS, inflammation and scars on the nerve fibres occur. This means that nerve impulses do not travel as intended. There is no treatment that will cure the disease. Medication can slow down the course of the disease and relieve discomfort.  

The inflammation and scars can be found in different places in the central nervous system. Therefore, you may experience discomfort in different parts of the body.

The course of the disease varies greatly between different people. MS is usually divided into the following four forms or phases: relapsed MS, secondary progressive MS, primary progressive MS, and benign MS. 

At 1177 The Care Guide, www.multipelskleros.nu and Hjärnfonden (The Brain Foundation) you will find more information about symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Amputation

There are many reasons why body parts are amputated, for example due to illness or injury. It is important to examine the stump regularly. Pay attention to changes such as blisters, rashes and sores when removing your sock or silicone sleeve.

For more information, see The care manual. There you can find out about sores, pain, and how to take care of your stump.

Muscular disorders

There are neuromuscular diseases, muscle diseases, which affect muscles, nerves or impulse transfers from muscles to motor nerves. These diseases lead to the atrophiement of the muscle and muscle weakness. There are about 600 different types of muscle diseases, the most common being muscular dystrophy. Read more at muskelsjukdomar.se